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1 Federalism and Iraq's constitutional stalemate - Chatham House
https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/2020-11/2020-11-27-iraq-federalism-alkadiri.pdf.pdf
— The key to a long-term resolution of the federalism question lies in finding a compromise formula that would satisfy the minimum requirements ...
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2 'Functioning Federalism' in Iraq: A Critical Perspective
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/mec/2018/03/11/functioning-federalism-in-iraq-a-critical-perspective/
Here, federalism offered a roadmap for how the country could salvage its territorial integrity, defeat ISIS, and bring about a sustainable ...
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3 THE FEDERALISM AND THE FUTURE OF IRAQ - Ifimes
https://www.ifimes.org/en/7882-the-federalism-and-the-future-of-iraq
There are many advantages to a federal democratic republic especially in Iraq where we can find multi-Ethnics, different religions and different opinions.
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4 Federalism in Iraq: A Liberal Idea in an Illiberal Place
http://50shadesoffederalism.com/case-studies/federalism-in-iraq-a-liberal-idea-in-an-illiberal-place/
The federal constitution was adopted through a referendum in 2005, in the aftermath of a devastating war and regime change that only worsened the country's ...
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5 A Federal Solution for Iraq?: What a postwar Iraqi government ...
https://www.americamagazine.org/issue/647/article/federal-solution-iraq
Another Republican president, facing political pressure and the high cost of continued military involvement in Iraq, would probably do much the same. Facing ...
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6 The System and the Parallel System in Iraq
https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/system-and-parallel-system-iraq
... Iraqi politicians must look inward to the corrupt parallel system that ... renewed talk about the need to adopt a presidential system, ...
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7 Decentralization and its Discontents in Iraq | Middle East Institute
https://www.mei.edu/publications/decentralization-and-its-discontents-iraq
Overall, decentralized asymmetrical federalism, in principle, should allow the Iraqi federal government, the KRG, and the governorates not ...
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8 The Politics of Governance and Federalism
https://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/Iraq%20CIGI_Iraq_PoliticsGovernanceFederalism.pdf
The Iraqi Constitution adopted in 2005 remains a source of debate for ... federalism will strengthen the state and national identity or ...
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9 The implications of elections for federalism in Iraq
https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA136907892&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=00485950&p=AONE&sw=w
The adoption of a federal system for Iraq is a necessary, ... Precisely how a federation should be organized to achieve this goal is, however, ...
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10 Iraq's Federalism Quandary - JSTOR
https://www.jstor.org/stable/42896437
Washington, dc. is grudgingly accepted that the Kurds in northern Iraq should be able to retain the level of autonomy acquired after the Gulf.
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11 Weak Viability: The Iraqi Federal State and the Constitutional ...
https://www.usip.org/publications/2006/07/weak-viability-iraqi-federal-state-and-constitutional-amendment-process
There is now little or no inherent power in the center at all, in part because there is no real center. Any new Iraqi government will hold only ...
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12 Federalism For Postwar Iraq | FindLaw
https://supreme.findlaw.com/legal-commentary/federalism-for-postwar-iraq.html
First, if Iraq were to adopt a democracy based on proportional representation, that would likely bring about a radical shift in power. The ...
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13 The Emergence and Application of Federalism in Iraq under ...
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319090382_The_Emergence_and_Application_of_Federalism_in_Iraq_under_the_Constitution_of_2005
The paper concludes that the application of federalism in Iraq was not out of the need for Iraqi people, but it came as a result of the ...
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14 Constitution Building and Federal Options in Iraq: The Kurdish ...
https://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/constitution-building-and-federal-options-iraq-kurdish-challenge
The latter was based on the 18-governorate model, a structure that would allegedly ensure that no unit making up the federation would be ...
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15 A Bottom-up Approach to Challenging the Muhasasa
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17449057.2022.2124669?src=
While a 'filled out' federation may not end the muhasasa, it will erode ... of the potential benefits of a fully federal system for Iraq.
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16 Federalism - Stanford Law School
https://law.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/ILEI-Federalism-2013.pdf
what regions would exist within Iraq, and what kinds of powers the regions would have.9. Adopting a federalist system was already a departure from the ...
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17 The Implications of Elections for Federalism in Iraq - http
http://people.exeter.ac.uk/grvstans/Webpage/publiuspdf.pdf
conclude that a federal political system is the only way that Iraq can hope to ... must adopt a federal system in order to survive as a coherent territorial.
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18 A Study of Federalism in Iraq from the View of the Micro Level ...
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042815050685/pdf?md5=c1ac8de78ec875e1b5cf77623bd6ab3c&pid=1-s2.0-S1877042815050685-main.pdf
religious factions, Iraq, has adopted federalism as its governmental form based ... trends coali tions and groups views in Iraq; meanwhile we will examine ...
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19 Federalism - International IDEA
https://www.idea.int/sites/default/files/publications/federalism-primer.pdf
Federalism, especially in large or diverse countries, can also ... found, for example, in the 2005 Constitution of Iraq), then concurrent authority.
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20 5.8 Constitutional Legitimacy in Iraq: What Role Local Context?
https://academic.oup.com/book/5691/chapter/148795988
This chapter explores how it can be that, despite the attention of international ... The manner in which Art. 110 is formulated (the federal government has ...
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21 Iraq - Government and society | Britannica
https://www.britannica.com/place/Iraq/Government-and-society
Under a provisional constitution adopted by the party in 1970, Iraq was confirmed as ... This document established Iraq as a federal state in which limited ...
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22 Federalism in the Middle East: A Collection of Essays - Lawfare
https://www.lawfareblog.com/federalism-middle-east-collection-essays
In Iraq, which did adopt a federal system, federalism's track record is dubious at best. Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan opted for ...
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23 iraq's constitutional mandate to justly distribute water: the ...
https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/gwilr42§ion=33
ethnic-sectarian tensions that led Iraq to adopt a federal system of gov- ... Drawing on Islamic and human rights law, Iraq should also should.
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24 Constitution of Iraq - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Iraq
Iraq is an independent nation. · The system of government is a democratic, federal, representative, parliamentary republic. · Islam is the state religion and a ...
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25 Iraq Country Report 2022 - BTI Transformation Index
https://bti-project.org/en/reports/country-report/IRQ
KRG and the federal government in Baghdad reached a security agreement on ... From this perspective, it would appear that democracy in Iraq is deadlocked.
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26 Iraq's Transitional Law - GovInfo
https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GAOREPORTS-GAO-04-746R/html/GAOREPORTS-GAO-04-746R.htm
The National Assembly will draft a permanent constitution for the Iraqi people's ... To prevent the concentration of power in the federal government, ...
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27 Weak Viability: The Iraqi Federal State and the Constitutional ...
https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/39224/2006_july_sr168.pdf
The “amendment process” will not lead to many real constitu- tional amendments, but it can be used creatively, to work in concert with interparty peace.
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28 Iraq's Constitutional Process Plunges Ahead
https://carnegieendowment.org/files/PO19Brown.pdf
delay would add to the impression that Iraq has sunk into a political morass. Leading ... constitution drafting committee: Will a federal system be adopted; ...
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29 Breaking Out of Fragility - Open Knowledge Repository
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/34416/9781464816376.pdf
All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to World Bank ... of the legal and institutional framework of Iraq's federal system and impede.
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30 Iraq's Constitutional Mandate to Justly Distribute Water: The ...
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1761556
In 2005, Iraq adopted a new Constitution with a federal structure that ... Drawing on Islamic and human rights law, Iraq should also should ...
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31 Application of Federalism in Iraq from the Legal Jurisprudence ...
https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/262914-application-of-federalism-in-iraq-from-t-699b5cd2.pdf
application of federalism in Iraq under constitution of 2005. After the fall of political regime in 2003, Iraq adopted federalism under the Constitution of ...
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32 How to Build a Democratic Iraq - The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/cfr/international/20030422faessayv82n3_dawisha.html
For that reason, democratic Iraq must have a federal system of government. Already, the Kurds -- who have enjoyed freedom from Baghdad's ...
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33 Afghanistan as a Federal System with Autonomous Regions
https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/citations/ADA512327
The author recommends that Afghanistan alter its governments current design and adopt a federal system with strong autonomous regions.
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34 Iraq - 1325 National Action Plans - PeaceWomen
http://1325naps.peacewomen.org/index.php/iraq/
Iraq adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2014 for the period ... The NAP was developed by the Federal Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan ...
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35 Iraq: Politics and Governance
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS21968.pdf
U.S. officials assert that the Iraqi government must work to gain the ... constitution, which was adopted in a public referendum of October ...
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36 Are Federal Systems Better than Unitary Systems? ABSTRACT
https://www.bu.edu/sthacker/files/2012/01/Are-Federal-Systems-Better-than-Unitary-Systems.pdf
Should democratic regimes adopt federal or unitary systems of ... station towards a unitary state—as in Iraq or the European Union in the near future ...
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37 GAO-07-1195, Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Iraqi ...
https://www.gao.gov/assets/a265979.html
The Iraqi government has met one of eight legislative benchmarks: the rights ... the Congress would be enhanced with adoption of the recommendations we make ...
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38 Federalism in Asia and Africa Beyond India - SAGE Journals
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0019556118820390
have adopted some kinds of federal or quasi-federal forms of government. In Africa, it is even more unpopular. Of fifty-four African states, only five can ...
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39 Influences of Ambiguity of Constitutional Provisions on the ...
https://www.law.upenn.edu/live/files/1190-albawi33upajintll13252011pdf
shape that the Republic of Iraq should adopt: the simple or the fed- eral shape. Although the Iraqi Constitution has adopted a binary system.
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40 Constitution - University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/research/iraq-constitution.html
{ Adopted on: 8 March 2004 } ... The system of government in Iraq shall be republican, federal, democratic, and pluralistic, and powers shall be shared ...
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41 Remarks at the UN Security Council Briefing on Iraq
https://usun.usmission.gov/remarks-at-the-un-security-council-briefing-on-iraq/
And there are pressing economic and climate matters at hand as well. The Iraqi government will need to bolster electricity delivery, promote ...
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42 Iraq's Constitutional Process: Challenges and the Road Ahead
https://digitalcommons.wcl.american.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1244&context=hrbrief
violence and will facilitate the disintegration of the Iraqi state. ... The Constitution also establishes a loose federal structure that.
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43 Fact Sheet: Democracy in Iraq
https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2005/12/20051212-1.html
This new government will face many tough decisions on issues such as security, reconstruction, and economic reform. Iraqi leaders will also have ...
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44 Why DC loves Biden's terrible plan to divide Iraq - Vox
https://www.vox.com/2015/8/5/9097133/iraq-biden
It would hold Iraq together by bringing to life the federal system enshrined in its constitution. A federal Iraq is a united Iraq but one in ...
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45 A Review of the Constitution of Iraq
https://media.law.wisc.edu/s/c_8/ftfkf/arotcoi.pdf
The successful adoption of the constitution was seen as an important step towards ... Those who oppose federalism fear that it would lead.
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46 Iraq | OHCHR
https://www.ohchr.org/en/taxonomy/term/1028?page=21
One Expert said it could be adopted on an experimental basis. ... The federal state of Iraq was made up of the capital and regions.
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47 The Making and Breaking of Federalism in Iraq - 1. Allgemeines
https://www.unifr.ch/federalism/en/assets/public/files/Working%20Paper%20online/26_%20Leila_Haccius.pdf
the historical background to the adoption of Iraq's new constitution (infra 1.1). Secondly, it will try to explain why a federal structure was chosen for ...
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48 Why Federalism Matters - Brookings Institution
https://www.brookings.edu/research/why-federalism-matters/
Iraq seems headed for the same fate. The Sunni minority there is resisting a draft constitution that would grant regional autonomy not only to ...
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49 Iraq 2005 - Constitute Project
https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Iraq_2005?lang=en
The Republic of Iraq is a single federal, independent and fully sovereign state in which the system of government is republican, representative, parliamentary, ...
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50 Iraq's Constitutional Moments and the Institutionalization of ...
https://scholarlycommons.law.emory.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1280&context=eilr
incredibly vocal in its rejection of Iraq's current state.5 But this is ... structure, which would be, among many other things, a federal ...
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51 2021 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Iraq
https://www.state.gov/reports/2021-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/iraq
Under the federal constitution, the Kurdistan Regional Government has the right to maintain internal security forces, but the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and ...
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52 Iraq-Related Sanctions | U.S. Department of the Treasury
https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/sanctions-programs-and-country-information/iraq-related-sanctions
Applying for a Specific OFAC License. It may be in your and the U.S. government's interest to authorize particular economic activity related to Iraq. Certain ...
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53 The Iraqi Constitution: A Scapegoat for Corruption
https://dckurd.org/2022/08/10/constitution-a-scapegoat-for-corruption/
Iraq faced many challenges, mainly security, but politically the Shia, the Kurds, and some Sunni reached a consensus and drafted a constitution ...
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54 an alternative model for solving oil and gas disputes in Iraq
http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/90556/
Since adopting federalism as a new model of governance in the current Constitution of 2005, the distribution of power and wealth has become ...
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55 The Iraqi Constitution: Analysis of the Controversial Articles
https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/amman/17146-20210115.pdf
Iraq's judicial sector, to its electoral system, to the federal system of ... The final draft should be adopted through a public referendum.
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56 Federalism in the Middle East and Europe - Scholarly Commons
https://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1416&context=jil
By addressing the topic of federalism in the Middle East, we could be ... constitutions in the European Union 2003, Afghanistan 2003 and Iraq 2004), ...
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57 Council conclusions on Iraq - Consilium.europa.eu
https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/32406/st05285en18.pdf
The EU commends the Iraqi people, their Government and their ... challenges, the EU will work towards all its strategic objectives in Iraq ...
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58 Debating Devolution in Iraq - MERIP
https://merip.org/2008/03/debating-devolution-in-iraq/
April 2008 is the month when the law for implementing federalism—adopted by the Iraqi parliament in October 2006—comes into effect.
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59 Adopt Policies to Accept the Reality of Iraq's Fragmentation
https://www.americanprogress.org/article/adopt-policies-to-accept-the-reality-of-iraqs-fragmentation/
The United States should mitigate the increasingly violent fragmentation in Iraq by ceasing the unconditional arming and training of Iraq's ...
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60 Why Federalism Is a Bad Idea for Syria
https://arabcenterdc.org/resource/why-federalism-is-a-bad-idea-for-syria/
What kind of government will be created and implemented in post-civil war Syria will be very important; it can also be the key to the solution of the crisis in ...
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61 Who Can Adopt? - U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Iraq
https://iq.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/adoption/who-can-adopt/
The federal agency that makes this determination is U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), part of the Department of Homeland Security. You may not ...
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62 Iraq - Constitutional history of - ConstitutionNet
https://constitutionnet.org/country/iraq
The 2005 Iraqi constitution was greatly influenced not only by its political history, but also by fears of Islamic extremism and greater federalism leading ...
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63 Democracy in Iraq - Air University
https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/Portals/10/ASPJ/journals/Chronicles/schwalbe3.pdf
middle class, will embrace the tenets of liberalism and subsequently the concept of a democratic government. (Of course, in the Middle East, this education ...
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64 Gender Profile – Iraq - Oxfam Digital Repository
https://oxfamilibrary.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10546/620602/rr-gender-profile-iraq-131218-en.pdf
conflict and recommended that the state party adopt, as a matter of urgency, ... The Constitution establishes a federal system in the Republic of Iraq made ...
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65 Federalism and Peace Mediation - UN Peacemaker
https://peacemaker.un.org/sites/peacemaker.un.org/files/FederalismMediation_Swisspeace.pdf
The mediator should expect that the use of the word federalism will ... state organisation adopted is as significant as whether federalism is introduced.
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66 Living conditions in Iraq: 10 years after the US-led invasion
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4023518/
The health system in Iraq has been dissected and reviewed repeatedly, ... We adopted various approaches to objectively collect and analyse data on the ...
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67 Could Federalism Work for the Syrian Crisis After Years of ...
https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/syriasource/could-federalism-work-for-the-syrian-crisis-after-years-of-conflict/
They argue that in a federal regime, security could be rapidly restored and the sectarian and ethnic problems that have been drowning the ...
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68 Constitution of Iraq: UNAMI English Translation - Refworld
https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/454f50804.pdf
The Republic of Iraq is a single federal, independent and fully sovereign state ... E- The Iraqi Government shall respect and implement Iraq's international.
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69 The Iraqi Federation: Origin, Operation and Significance
https://www.routledge.com/The-Iraqi-Federation-Origin-Operation-and-Significance/Shakir/p/book/9780367371487
Political instability has characterised the modern history of Iraq, which has proven itself as a complex state to govern. However, the creation of a federal ...
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70 Geopolitics, Borders, and Federalism: Challenges for Post ...
https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2446&context=theses
Iraq could adopt a model of Federalism similar to the Swiss regional government structure, with three key regions whose borders would be defined.
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71 Solving Iraq's federal dilemma || AW - The Arab Weekly
https://thearabweekly.com/solving-iraqs-federal-dilemma
This region shall include all the provinces of Iraq, except the Kurdistan Region of course, and shall have its own government that manages all ...
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72 Iraq's Pressing Need to Adopt Unified Conceptual and Procedural ...
http://springer.iq-technikum.de/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2421-1?page=44
Iraq's Pressing Need to Adopt Unified Conceptual and Procedural Models for ... the national policies adopted by federal or central government offices.
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73 The Voter's Self Defense System - Vote Smart
https://votesmart.org/bill/5681/15938/53279/expressing-the-sense-of-congress-regarding-federalism-in-iraq
S Amdt 2997 - Expressing the Sense of Congress Regarding Federalism in Iraq - National Key Vote ... Senate Amendment Adopted; Sept.
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74 Opinions on Iraqi Federalism: Structural Construction ...
https://iraqenergy.org/2019/07/15/opinions-on-iraqi-federalism-structural-construction-and-resource-sharing/
Iraq's federal constitution also called for laws governing this process and the creation of independent councils and commissions to manage the ...
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75 No time like the present for democratic reform in Iraq
https://www.clingendael.org/publication/no-time-present-democratic-reform-iraq
The constitution adopted in 2005 defines Iraq as a federal state in which the system of governance is a parliamentary democracy.
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76 Iraq Urgently Needs a Real Constitution — IACL-IADC Blog
https://blog-iacl-aidc.org/new-blog-3/2022/7/7/iraq-urgently-needs-a-real-constitution
The federal government with regional and provincial governments' oil ... one must read the original English text, not the officially adopted ...
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77 Iraq urgently needs a real constitution
https://www.pressenza.com/2022/05/iraq-urgently-needs-a-real-constitution/
Iraq is in dire need of a real constitution. The reasons for a failed state, and the normative miseries since the adoption of its current ...
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78 "Federalism in a Post-Modern World" [2004] BondLawRw 1
http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/BondLawRw/2004/1.pdf
Chen, for example, states: Federalism can be defined as the mode of ... adopted a definition of federalism which specifically enshrined state sovereignty.
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79 Federal Republic- A constitutional government in which the ...
https://www.depts.ttu.edu/education/student-resources/undergraduate/documents/social_studies_key_terms_for_texes_exam.pdf
4. Monarchy- system in which king or queen leads the nation. The monarch can have supreme powers and become a dictator, or he/she can ...
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80 The Case Against Consociationalism 'Light'
https://dsps.ceu.edu/sites/pds.ceu.hu/files/attachment/event/1287/iraqsconstitutionof2005thecaseagainstconsociationalismlight_1.pdf
This article argues that Iraq,s political problems can be traced, in part, to the ... lack of progress in adopting federal hydrocarbon and ...
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81 Early warning: How Iraq can adapt to climate change
https://ecfr.eu/publication/early-warning-how-iraq-can-adapt-to-climate-change/
Climate change is increasing the strain on Iraqi society and public ... in November 2021 the federal government adopted the Mesopotamia ...
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82 Iraq's Neoliberal Constitution - FPIF - Foreign Policy in Focus
https://fpif.org/iraqs_neoliberal_constitution/
All of Iraq's natural resources would be owned collectively by the Iraqi people. Everyone would have the right to work and the state would be legally bound to ...
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83 Iraqi Society and the Complexities of Federalism
https://www.bayancenter.org/en/2022/02/3150/
A number of Iraqi and non-Iraqi researchers have made efforts to justify the introduction of the federal system in Iraq, using arguments and ...
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84 View Opportunity | GRANTS.GOV
https://www.grants.gov/view-opportunity.html
Home · Learn Grants · Search Grants · Applicants · Grantors · System-to-System · Forms · Connect · Support · GRANTS.GOV; View Opportunity ...
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85 Decentralization in iraq - UN-Habitat
https://unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/download-manager-files/Decentralization%20in%20Iraq.pdf
WHY DECENTRALIZATION CAN HELP IRAQ ... its economic system or degree of development. excerpts may bereproduced ... After adopting a federal system.
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86 Iraq - Forum of Federations
https://forumfed.org/countries/iraq/
Federalism is a nascent political development in Iraq, and one which is intrinsically linked with its recent history of political instability, war, ...
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87 Iraqi Supreme Court casts doubt over legitimacy of Kurdistan's ...
https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/en/knowledge/publications/0af5e6a5/iraqi-supreme-court-casts-doubt-over-legitimacy-of-kurdistans-oil-and-gas-sector
Article 112(1) provides that "The federal government, with the producing governorates and regional governments, shall undertake the management of oil and gas ...
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88 The Limitations of the Consociational Arrangements in Iraq
https://www.psa.ac.uk/sites/default/files/page-files/AbuLTaif_EP_No38.pdf
Iraqi constitution and the political system lack genuine consociational practices. ... Autonomy can be territorial autonomy represented in federalism, ...
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89 Iraq's Kurds, seeking independence, call vote hoping to ease ...
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-iraq-kurds/iraqs-kurds-seeking-independence-call-vote-hoping-to-ease-row-idUSKBN1A5107
25, a move that will strain Iraq's frayed federal unity and annoy ... The political developments take place as Iraqi government forces push ...
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90 The Hijacking of Democracy: The Role of Political Parties in Iraq
https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/hijacking-democracy-role-political-parties-iraq
Apart from compromising the country's sovereignty, it produces a dysfunctional government populated by corrupt, unqualified, but party-loyal ...
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91 Consolidate the positive dynamic in Iraq - France ONU
https://onu.delegfrance.org/Consolidate-the-positive-dynamic-in-Iraq
That is why, following the elections, which strengthened the democratic process in Iraq, appointments to three of four vacant federal Government ministerial ...
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92 Federalism and Federation
https://pesd.princeton.edu/node/431
However the constitution of a federal system is constructed some will insist ... Iraq's 2005 Constitution stipulates in Article 3 that it is a “country of ...
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93 Human Resources Flexibilities and Authorities in the Federal ...
https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/reference-materials/handbooks/humanresourcesflexibilitiesauthorities.pdf
These HR tools and requirements, which should be used in a strategic manner, are a critical component in ensuring that the Federal Government maintains a ...
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94 Exploring the Rationale for Decentralization in Iraq and its ...
https://www.arab-reform.net/publication/exploring-the-rationale-for-decentralization-in-iraq-and-its-constraints/
Supporters of a strong central government claim that without a strong capital keeping the country together, Iraq will inevitably break apart ...
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95 Federal Employees' Compensation Act
https://www.dol.gov/agencies/owcp/FECA/regs/statutes/feca
(A) a civil officer or employee in any branch of the Government of the United States, ... (a) The United States shall pay compensation as specified by this ...
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96 THE POLITICAL RELEVANCE OF FEDERALISM IN ... - Dialnet
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/5748336.pdf
best regime to be adopted anywhere and everywhere. Even the most ardent federalist would not present federalism in this manner. Federalism is all about ...
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97 The Politics of Iraqi Kurdistan: Towards Federalism or ...
https://researchprofiles.canberra.edu.au/files/33685753/file
Nationalism is primarily a political principle, which holds that the political and the national unit should be congruent. Nationalist sentiment is the ...
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