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1 Treatments for Managing Bacterial Pathogens in Vegetable ...
https://www.vegetables.cornell.edu/pest-management/disease-factsheets/treatments-for-managing-bacterial-pathogens-in-vegetable-seed/
Seed can be treated by growers with hot water or Clorox® bleach (labeled formulations only) to kill the pathogen. Hot-water treatment is more thorough than ...
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2 Chlorine Seed Treatment | Vegetable Disease Facts
https://u.osu.edu/vegetablediseasefacts/management/chlorine-seed-treatment/
Find our original factsheet on chlorine seed treatment here: OSU Seed trtmnt fact sheet-1o77s15. Social Media Links. @OhioVeggieDoc on Twitter ...
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3 Hot Water and Chlorine Treatment of Vegetable Seeds to ...
https://www.savingourseeds.org/pdf/osu_vegetable_seed_treatment.pdf
Chlorine treatment is recommended for both large- and small-seeded vegetables if the seeds have not been treated by any other method and the possibility of ...
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4 Effects of chlorine dioxide on the germination ... - Nature
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42295-7
Barley seeds were separately treated with 0, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg.L−1 ClO2 solutions. Differences in the percentage of seed germination were ...
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5 Chlorinated water and biological seed treatments
https://biosolutions.novozymes.com/en/insights/article/chlorinated-water-and-biological-seed-treatments
If chlorinated water is used while seeds are being treated with bio-enhancers, it can have an adverse effect on the treatment's effectiveness.
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6 Seed Treatments Vegetables - LSU AgCenter
https://www.lsuagcenter.com/NR/rdonlyres/26772246-4C4A-4028-992D-95BF6DD51C6D/96988/43SeedTreatmentsVegetables2014FINAL.pdf
Treating seeds with a solution of chlorine bleach can effectively remove bacterial pathogens and some viruses (i.e. Tobacco Mosaic Virus) that are borne on the ...
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7 Efficacy of chlorine and heat treatment in killing Salmonella ...
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8779558/
Treatment of seeds containing 10(1) to 10(2) CFU of S. stanley per g for 5 min in a solution containing 2,040 micrograms of chlorine per ml reduced the ...
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8 Seed Treatment with Iron Chlorine E6 Enhances Germination ...
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/12/2/218/htm
Iron chlorine e6 (ICE6), also known as iron dihydroporphine, is a new type natural plant growth regulator, which can improve some crops growth.
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9 Hot Water Treatment for Tomato and Pepper Seeds
https://extension.psu.edu/hot-water-treatment-for-tomato-and-pepper-seeds
A less effective alternative is to treat seeds with chlorine, but this only kills pathogens on the surface of the seed coat, and doesn't ...
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10 Bleach Treatment (English) - YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-HhIcQrFyI
LSU AgCenter
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11 TOMATO SEED DISINFECTION WITH CHLORINE
http://www.tomatosolutions.ca/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/tomdis.pdf
In contrast, this research tested the effectiveness of chlorine for disinfecting tomato seed by plating treated seed onto potato dextrose agar ...
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12 Chloroxyanion Residue on Seeds and ... - ACS Publications
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05953
Chlorate residues in 20,000 mg/L calcium hypochlorite, commonly used to disinfect seed, were quantified. Chlorine dioxide treatment reduced (P < ...
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13 Effect of sequential presoaking and chlorine dioxide treatment ...
https://applbiolchem.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13765-020-00537-7
To determine the optimal concentration and treatment time to reduce pathogenic E. coli and Salmonella spp. in alfalfa seeds immersed in water ...
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14 The Use of Chlorine Gas as a Seed Disinfectant (Classic ...
https://www.amazon.com/Chlorine-Seed-Disinfectant-Classic-Reprint/dp/0260923680
In laboratory experiments, exposure of artificially smutted seed to 50 and 100 - percent chlorine gas for 5 minutes failed to kill all the Surface-borne smut ...
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15 Microbial Contamination in Sprouts: How Effective Is Seed ...
https://agri.idaho.gov/main/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Ding_et_al-2013-Seed-treatment-review-Journal_of_Food_Science.pdf
for seed treatment and this treatment has been considered the reference standard ... mental protocols, the inability of the chlorine to reach the bacteria.
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16 Efficacy of chlorine and calcinated calcium treatment of alfalfa ...
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168160503001089
Salmonella populations reached >7.0 log on sprouts grown from seeds artificially contaminated with Salmonella and then treated with 20,000 ppm ...
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17 A comparative study on the effectiveness of chlorine dioxide ...
https://www.clordisys.com/pdfs/articles/A%20Comparative%20Study%20on%20the%20Inactivation%20of%20Pathogens%20Inoculated%20onto%20Seeds.pdf
Results demonstrate that all treatments significantly reduce the initial load of pathogenic bacteria on seeds (pb0.05). In particular, after ozone gas ...
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18 The effects of pH during treatment of lettuce seeds with ...
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1985.tb03105.x
In an experiment in which lettuce seeds were treated with sodium dichloroisocyanurate (a chlorine-releasing triazine compound) and related non-chlorinated ...
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19 Greenhouse disease management: seed treatments ...
https://www.morningagclips.com/greenhouse-disease-management-seed-treatments-transplant-production/
Sanitizing trays with Chlorine: Dip flats or trays in a labeled chlorine sanitizer at recommended rates (3.5 fl oz. of a 5.25% sodium ...
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20 Efficacy of Hot Water and Chlorine for Eradication of ...
https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/pdf/10.1094/PD-89-1305
Although chlorine treatment reduced the incidence of S. botryosum, this fungus was not eradicated after 60 min in chlorine. Seed germination was not ...
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21 In Situ Generation of Chlorine Dioxide for Decontamination of ...
https://meridian.allenpress.com/jfp/article/83/2/287/425676/In-Situ-Generation-of-Chlorine-Dioxide-for
The sequential 15-min treatment also caused high reductions of 5.1 to 7.3 log CFU/g on alfalfa seeds. The treatments did not bleach the color of ...
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22 Efficacy of hot water and chlorine for eradication of ... - CABI
https://www.cabi.org/isc/abstract/20053216371
Spinach seed treatments in 1.2% NaOCl for 10 to 60 min, or hot water (40, 45, 50, 55, and 60°C) for 10 to 40 min, were evaluated for eradication of these fungi ...
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23 UMass Hot Water Seed Treatment Service
https://ag.umass.edu/services/hot-water-seed-treatment
Therefore, starting with disease-free seed is an important step towards growing disease-free crops. Seeds can be treated with chlorine or pesticides to ...
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24 Seed Sanitation - Chlorine Sprout Safety Research
https://sproutnet.com/seed-sanitation-chlorine-sprout-safety-research/
“Effect of sodium hypochlorite treatment on seed-borne organisms and germination of imported vegetable seeds”, S. Lo, (1973), Chih Wu Pao Hu ...
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25 SEED DISINFECTION WITH HYPOCHLORITES - JSTOR
https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/23432921.pdf
Additional index words: seed sterilization, seed pre-treatment, chlorine. Introduction. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a commonly used pre-treatment for seeds ...
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26 Small-Scale Cost-Effective Hot Water Seed Treatment
https://mtvernon.wsu.edu/path_team/Small-scale%20Hot%20Water%20Treatment%202016-02-29.pdf
From Hot Water and Chlorine Treatment of Vegetable Seeds to Eradicate Bacterial Plant Pathogens. HYG-. 3085-05, by Sally Miller and Melanie Lewis Ivey ...
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27 Validation of hot water and chlorine treatments to inactivate ...
https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US201500064963
Validation of hot water and chlorine treatments to inactivate pathogens inoculated on mung bean seeds: Influence of the seed production area [2013].
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28 Seed disinfestation strategies for saved pumpkin and squash ...
http://omaf.gov.on.ca/english/crops/hort/news/hortmatt/2015/06hrt15a6.htm
In 2014, we investigated methods of on-farm seed treatment to disinfest saved-seed. Both the hot water treatment and the chlorine treatment effectively ...
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29 Agriculture, Vol. 12, Pages 218: Seed Treatment with Iron ...
https://ecsense.com/agriculture-vol-12-pages-218-seed-treatment-with-iron-chlorine-e6-enhances-germination-and-seedling-growth-of-rice/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=agriculture-vol-12-pages-218-seed-treatment-with-iron-chlorine-e6-enhances-germination-and-seedling-growth-of-rice
Agriculture, Vol. 12, Pages 218: Seed Treatment with Iron Chlorine E6 Enhances Germination and Seedling Growth of Rice. Industry News. Industry Picture for ...
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30 Effect of Chlorine Treated Water on Germination and Growth ...
https://ijoear.com/assets/articles_menuscripts/file/IJOEAR-SEP-2020-9.pdf
The four varieties of cowpea seeds were obtained from the Molecular Biology Laboratory of University of Agriculture. Makurdi. These include: IT03k-131-2 (v1), ...
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31 Note Microbial Quality of Chlorine Soaked Mung Bean Seeds ...
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/fstr/11/1/11_1_95/_pdf
soaked seeds, but was detected after the sprouting period. Keywords: mung (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) sprouts, chlorine treatment. Introduction.
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32 Greenhouse Sanitation: Seed Treatments & Transplant ...
https://pestadvisories.usu.edu/2020/01/17/greenhouse-sanitation/
Emerge flats, plugs, cells, and other growing containers in a chlorine sanitizer solution (3.5 fl oz. of a 5.25% sodium hypochlorite equivalent ...
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33 Microbial Quality of Alfalfa Seeds and Sprouts after a Chlorine ...
https://journals.scholarsportal.info/details/00221147/v66i0001/153_mqoasaactapm.xml
Chlorine was effective in reducing microbial populations on the seeds, but numbers increased during sprouting. Chlorine treatments had the most impact on yeast ...
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34 Acidified Sodium Chlorite as an Alternative to Chlorine for ...
https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/34241/PDF
Keywords: acidified sodium chlorite, alfalfa seed, chlorine, disinfection, Salmonella ... on these studies, treating seeds with 20000 ppm of Ca(OCl)2 or.
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35 Effect of physio-chemical seed treatments on opium poppy ...
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0230801&type=printable
Four seed treatment methods were evaluated in this study. These can be broadly grouped as either chlorine- (hypochlorite or electrolyzed water) ...
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36 Chlorine dioxide application in preventing and treating plant ...
https://patents.google.com/patent/CN1836515A/en
Adopt chlorine dioxide, concentration 100ppm seed soaking 30 minutes adopts 100mg/L to spray root ground. Embodiment 3, be used to prevent and treat celery leaf ...
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37 Sanitizing radish seeds by simultaneous treatments with gaseous ...
https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/content/journal/1-s2.0-S0168160516304251
AbstractSanitizing radish seeds intended for edible sprout production was achieved by applying simultaneous treatments with gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO 2) ...
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38 Study: Chlorine Dioxide Gas Offers Hope for Sprout Sanitation
https://www.foodsafetynews.com/2014/12/chlorine-dioxide-gas-offers-hope-for-sprout-contamination-problem/
Other options for sanitizing sprouts include heat treatment of seeds, treatment with ozone, a highly reactive form of oxygen, or irradiation.
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39 Efficacy of Chlorine in Controlling Five Common Plant ...
https://journals.ashs.org/hortsci/view/journals/hortsci/44/1/article-p157.xml
Recycled irrigation water is one of the major sources of inoculum and may spread plant pathogens throughout the nursery or greenhouse operation. Chlorination is ...
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40 Efficacy of Aqueous Chlorine Dioxide and Citric ... - of DSpace
http://dspace.kci.go.kr/handle/kci/120068
The treatment of radish seeds using 200 ppm aqueous ClO2 solution caused a 1.5 log CFU/g reduction in the population of E. coli. Compared to the aqueous ClO2 ...
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41 Viability of sprout seeds as affected by treatment ... - Korea University
https://koreauniv.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/viability-of-sprout-seeds-as-affected-by-treatment-with-aqueous-c/fingerprints/
Viability of sprout seeds as affected by treatment with aqueous chlorine dioxide and dry heat, and reduction of Escherichia coli O157: H7 and Salmonella ...
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42 Use of Calcium Hypochlorite as a Sanitizer for Seeds Used for ...
https://scholarworks.uark.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1169&context=inquiry
However, the effectiveness of chlorine treatments ... seed disinfection treatment eliminating 100% of the pathogens.
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43 Efficacy of chlorine and calcinated calcium treatment of alfalfa seeds ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Efficacy-of-chlorine-and-calcinated-calcium-of-and-Gandhi-Matthews/f5f62f3e983403f7ac4b2d0f4766a6f661e93d43
Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Efficacy of chlorine and calcinated calcium treatment of alfalfa seeds and sprouts to eliminate Salmonella.
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44 Hot water seed sterilization tool evaluation - Vegetables
https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/hot-water-seed-sterilization-tool-evaluation
After the time has passed, they are placed in cool water to rapidly remove the heat. They can then be planted right away, treated further with a ...
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45 Organic Seed Treatments and Coatings | eOrganic
https://eorganic.org/node/749
Bleach (sodium hypochlorite) can be used to surface-disinfest seeds as an alternative to hot water. Bleach will eliminate pathogens on the seed ...
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46 Greenhouse Disease Management: Seed Treatments and ...
https://plant-pest-advisory.rutgers.edu/greenhouse-disease-management-transplant-production-2-2/
Hot water seed treatment is a non-chemical alternative to conventional chlorine treatment which only kills pathogens on the surface of the ...
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47 Chemical treatment to wheat seed to reduce the incidence of ...
https://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?pid=S0185-33092020000200239&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en
Seed of three varieties (Gálvez M87, Tlaxcala F2000 and Nana F2007) from four locations were used. Treatments were: hydrogen peroxide, sodium hypochlorite (2% ...
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48 Sprouted seeds - Food Standards Scotland
https://www.foodstandards.gov.scot/downloads/Sprouted_seeds_-_Campden_-_FS101060_-_Final_Report_-_October_2014_%281%29.pdf
These were assessed against standard chlorine treatments. Hot water treatment of 90°C for 2 or 5 minutes resulted in over a 4 log reduction of Salmonella or E.
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49 Germination of Conifer Seeds Surface-Sterilized With Bleach
https://rngr.net/publications/tpn/38-3/germination-of-conifer-seeds-surface-sterilized-with-bleach/at_download/file
effects of bleach sterilization on the seed germination energy and capacity of several western conifers. Methods and Materials. Seeds were treated in a ...
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50 chlorination in the production
https://www.siphidaho.org/env/pdf/Chlorination_of_fruits_and_veggies.PDF
Seed Treatments. Disinfection of seed by soaking chlorinated water (often with heating) has been used for routine treatment of seed to reduce the potential ...
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51 Chlorine, Chloramine and Plants - Everything You Need to ...
https://www.gardenmyths.com/chlorine-chloramine-plants/
Chlorine is added to municipal tap water to kill microbes and make the water safe to drink, but chlorine can also be toxic to plants. As with all toxicity, dose ...
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52 Seed treatment may make sprouts safer - CIDRAP
https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2006/07/seed-treatment-may-make-sprouts-safer
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that seeds used for sprouts be soaked in a 2% calcium hypochlorite (bleach) solution, ...
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53 Water isn't Just Water! - Hefty Seed Company
https://heftyseed.com/aayaprmay2020-water-isnt-just-water
Say you add one of these biological products to your application plan and include it with the water on your farm. If you have chlorine-treated ...
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54 Halogenation in Sunflower with Iodine and Chlorine
http://14.139.155.167/test5/index.php/kjas/article/view/321/310
Fresh seeds of DSH-1 Sunflower hybrid treated with halogen compounds viz., iodine @ 2 g/kg and chlorine @ 2 g/kg Chlorination and iodination of seeds was ...
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55 Salmonella Typhimurium Infections Transmitted by Chlorine ...
https://academic.oup.com/aje/article/154/11/1020/185114
Presoaking seeds in a 20,000 mg/liter (ppm) calcium hypochlorite solution before sprouting is recommended to reduce bacterial contamination and infection risk.
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56 Disinfection of Penicillium-infected Wheat Seed by ...
https://online-rpd.org/journal/view.php?viewtype=pubreader&number=1458
Gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) effectively inhibited growth of Penicillium sp. at concentration of 5 to 20 μg/ml. As treatment duration was extended from 1 to ...
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57 chlorine dioxide sanitation: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
https://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/c/chlorine+dioxide+sanitation.html
Chloroxyanion residue on seeds and sprouts after chlorine dioxide sanitation ... Wastewater effluents were collected from two wastewater treatment plants in ...
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58 Electrolyzed water: Effect on seed decontamination and seed ...
https://www.phytojournal.com/archives/2021/vol10issue1/PartE/9-6-336-983.pdf
EW treatment may be used as an effective method for reducing microbial ... AEW contains free chlorine which is phytotoxic to plants.
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59 Efficacy of Aqueous Chlorine Dioxide and Citric Acid in ...
http://koreascience.or.kr/article/JAKO200833338360910.page
coli during the germination and growth of radish was investigated. Radish seed inoculated with E. coli was treated for the duration of the growth period.
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60 slow-release chlorine dioxide gas treatment as a ... - GETD
https://getd.libs.uga.edu/pdfs/golden_chase_e_201705_ms.pdf
black pepper, cumin, and sesame seed. Three levels of chlorine dioxide gas (100, 200, or 500 mg. ClO2/kg spice) were applied to Salmonella inoculated spices ...
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61 Ratio of seeds and sodium hypochlorite solution on ... - SciELO
https://www.scielo.br/j/jss/a/QHBzmnCW7wpKNjj5TdZKmqy/?lang=en
The seeds were immersed in sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution at concentrations of 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% of active chlorine for 24 hours in the ...
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62 Sprouting Seeds at Home- Safely
https://www.ksre.k-state.edu/foodsafety/produce/guidance/docs/sprouts_home_July2018_final.pdf
A seed treatment method that works for one type of seed may not be as effective for ... To sanitize, follow the directions on the bleach or other sanitizer.
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63 Microbial Quality of Chlorine Soaked Mung Bean Seeds and ...
https://www.academia.edu/592514/Microbial_Quality_of_Chlorine_Soaked_Mung_Bean_Seeds_and_Sprouts
The extended chlorine soaking did not completely eliminate the microflora of the seeds but significantly reduced microbial proliferation rates during storage.
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64 Now Announcing: New Hot Water Seed Treatment Service
https://plant.lab.uconn.edu/2020/02/18/now-announcing-new-hot-water-seed-treatment-service/
While chlorine and other chemical seed treatments can be effective at removing pathogens that adhere to the seed surface, these treatments ...
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65 EFFECT OF SEED TREATMENT WITH SODIUM ...
https://bsmrau.edu.bd/aba/wp-content/uploads/sites/320/2019/07/ARTICLE-6-1.pdf
Effect of seed treatment with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and hot water were investigated on the incidence of seed-borne fungi and germination of okra seeds ...
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66 BOD sample pre-treatment | | Wisconsin DNR
https://dnr.wisconsin.gov/topic/labCert/BODPreTreatment.html
Always seed samples that have been pH-adjusted. Sample pre-treatment - disinfection. Check wastewater samples for residual chlorine unless it can be ...
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67 Water treatment series, Part 5: Chlorine
https://www.greenhousemag.com/article/water-treatment-series--part-5--chlorine/
Chlorine can be used to kill pathogens, bacteria that are harmful to human consumption, as well algae and iron-forming bacteria that clog filters and ...
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68 Chlorine In Your Water: Does It Harm Plants? - Jain Irrigation
https://jainsusa.com/blog/chlorine-in-your-water-does-it-harm-plants/
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tells us plants are not harmed by water treated with chlorine. Most of us have been watering ...
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69 Treatment Options for Sprouting Seeds - SafetyChain Blog
https://blog.safetychain.com/treatment-options-for-sprouting-seeds
Treatment Options for Sprouting Seeds · Acidified Sodium Chlorite; approved up to 1,500 ppm (use at 800 ppm) · Germin-8 or Chlorine Dioxide; ...
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70 Application of Diluted Chlorine Dioxide to Radish and Lettuce ...
http://www.bashanfoundation.org/gmaweb/pdfs/application-halox.pdf
species. In conclusion, this study suggests that chlorine dioxide-treated drinking water can be considered safe for growing plants; this treatment.
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71 Sterilizing the Surface of Seeds by Chlorine Gas - Protocols.io
https://www.protocols.io/view/sterilizing-the-surface-of-seeds-by-chlorine-gas-bx8rprv6
This protocol sterilizes the surface of seeds for use in clean culture conditions without damaging the seeds germination or growth ability.
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72 Experiment 1: | Organic Pollution - Longwood Blogs
http://blogs.longwood.edu/organicpollution15/experiment-1/
In this experiment the test was to observe the effects of different water treatments on plant growth. The hypothesis was if plants were watered with Chlorine ...
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73 Water Treatment Plant Process | Canon City, CO
https://www.canoncity.org/180/Water-Treatment-Plant-Process
The first chemical added is chlorine dioxide and it is an oxidant used to break down naturally occurring organic matter such as decaying leaves and other plant ...
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74 Techniques to Improve Seed Germination
https://blog.jungseed.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Techniques-to-Improve-Success-with-Seed-Germination.pdf
Avoid using water that is treated with a water softener, as it can contain salts that are damaging to plants. Water that is chlorinated can be allowed to ...
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75 Chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant - Lenntech
https://www.lenntech.com/processes/disinfection/chemical/disinfectants-chlorine-dioxide.htm
Drinking water treatment is the main application of disinfection by chlorine dioxide. Thanks to its adequate biocidal abilities, chlorine dioxide is also used ...
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76 Potential use of Mangifera indica seed kernel and Citrus ...
https://www.ajol.info/index.php/njt/article/view/165001
High cost of chemical disinfectants used in water treatment is one of ... Mangifera indica seed kernel, Citrus aurantiifolia seed, Chlorine, ...
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77 Will Chlorine in Garden Water Hurt Plants, Trees & Grass?
https://www.ehow.com/way_5729155_chlorine-water-hurt-plants-trees_.html
Gardeners know that chlorine kills bacteria and fear that chlorinated water will not make the garden happy. In fact, chlorinated water kills microorganisms in ...
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78 Chlorine Bleach | Hot Pepper Blog
http://ushotstuff.com/HotPepperBlog/tag/chlorine-bleach/
Using a sieve to contain the seeds is very helpful and makes it easy to rinse after treatment. This kills most seed born disease. Soaking seeds ...
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79 SET 101: Seed treating chemicals
http://ecoursesonline.iasri.res.in/mod/page/view.php?id=17872
It is the protective treatment given to seed in the production cycle of most of the seed. In this treatment, chlorine or iodine based ...
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80 is chlorine water bad when germinating avocado seeds?
https://www.houzz.com/discussions/2186226/is-chlorine-water-bad-when-germinating-avocado-seeds
chlorine breaks down in sunlight. Just pop a bowl of your tap water outdoors for a day. Or if you have a lot of houseplants and a big concern, you can get a ...
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81 V. Carasso, B. Gallino & M. Mucciarelli Seed germination ...
https://www.herbmedit.org/flora/FL30_400-407.pdf
Pre-treatments: Manual detachment of the pappus from the seeds. Seed sterilization in a bleach solution (5% of chlorine) for 2 minutes followed by several ...
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82 Water treatment series, Part 5: Chlorine - Nursery Management
https://www.nurserymag.com/article/water-treatment-series--part-5--chlorine/
Chlorine can be used to kill pathogens, bacteria that are harmful to human consumption, as well algae and iron-forming bacteria that clog filters and ...
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83 Microbial Quality of Chlorine Soaked Mung Bean Seeds and ...
https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/46635645/microbial-quality-of-chlorine-soaked-mung-bean-seeds-and-sprouts
96that treatment kills pathogenic microorganisms includingSalmonella. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA) currently recommends the ...
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84 铁氯E6 种子处理促进水稻发芽和幼苗生长 - X-MOL
https://www.x-mol.com/paper/1488975811947982848?adv
In this study, the effect of seed treatment with ICE6 on rice germination and seedling growth was evaluated. Rice seeds were soaked with the gradient ...
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85 Tips on Keeping Greenhouse Seed Pathogen-Free
https://www.greenhousegrower.com/production/tips-on-keeping-greenhouse-seed-pathogen-free/
To use Clorox to treat seed, a concentration of 10,000 ppm of chlorine is used to treat seeds. To achieve this, use 16.7 fl. oz. of the 7.85% ...
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86 Save Seeds, Not Diseases - Wilkes County Center
https://wilkes.ces.ncsu.edu/2020/08/save-seeds-not-diseases/
A chlorine bleach treatment can eliminate certain fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens from the surface of seed. A hot water treatment can ...
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87 Sprouting Seeds at Home: Disinfecting, Growing, and ...
https://www.botanicalinterests.com/product/Sprouting-Seeds-at-Home-Disinfecting-Growing-and-Harvesting-Tips
The current recommendation to use in the home from the University of California-Davis is to treat seed by heating on a stove for 5 minutes in a solution of 3% ...
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88 How to Soak Seeds in Clorox - Garden Guides
https://www.gardenguides.com/100338-soak-seeds-clorox.html
Place your seeds in a container. Add 1 tsp. of surfactant and pour in one part Clorox to four parts water (for example, 1 cup Clorox to 4 cups ...
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89 Use of Disinfestants to Control Plant Pathogens
https://pnwhandbooks.org/plantdisease/pesticide-articles/use-disinfestants-control-plant-pathogens
1992). For example, the percent Botrytis conidia killed was nearly equal when spraying bleach on plastic, metal, and pressure-treated wood surfaces, but less ...
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90 Effects of chlorine dioxide on the germination, oxidative ...
https://d-nb.info/1184302227/34
The effects of chlorine dioxide, ClO2, on the germination, oxidative metabolism and growth of ... seedlings germinated from seeds treated with 0 and 500 mg.
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91 Dechlorinating Water for Healthier Plants - Someday I'll Learn
https://somedayilllearn.com/dechlorinating-water/
The process is remarkably simple. Just fill a large bucket or wide-mouth jar with filtered tap water and let sit overnight. The chlorine will ...
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92 Effect Of Chlorine Water On Some Vital Process Of Vigna ...
https://arastirmax.com/en/publication/indian-streams-research-journal/3/7/effect-chlorine-water-some-vital-process-vigna-unguiculata-l-cowpea/arid/0d114a43-d591-479e-9fd1-f2de6ca0febc
Vigna unguiculata seeds treated with 0.01% 0.1% and 0.2 % (v/v) chlorine water during germination upto 10 days. The control is treated with distilled water.
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93 Hot-Water Seed Treatment for Disease Management
https://hort.extension.wisc.edu/articles/hot-water-seed-treatment-for-disease-management/
Place seed in cold tap water for five minutes to quickly end the heat treatment; Apply fungicide seed treatments according to the manufacturer's ...
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94 can chlorine kill seeds or plants? - Rollitup
https://www.rollitup.org/t/can-chlorine-kill-seeds-or-plants.347452/
you'll be fine.... chlorine is an essential plant nutrient. it just kills micro life like bacteria. I germinate in straight tap all the time.
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95 Viability of sprout seeds as affected by treatment with ... - ScienceGate
https://www.sciencegate.app/document/10.1016/j.fm.2015.10.007
... and reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on pak choi seeds by sequential treatment with chlorine dioxide, drying, and dry heat.
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